On November 18, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Narcan nasal spray for the intranasal route for naloxone administration. The intranasal route has been used as an "off-label" method of naloxone administration by the medical community for years. However, the FDA approval of this product created an avenue for pharmaceutical companies to legally manufacture and sell naloxone packaged for the intranasal route of administration.
The naloxone nasal spray has a pre-measured dose of naloxone in a device with a nozzle similar to an over-the-counter nasal spray container. In addition to its use by EMS providers, naloxone nasal spray is also prescribed by healthcare providers or dispensed by pharmacists to laypersons.
As a result of this FDA action, the Emergency Medical, Fire, and Transportation Services (EMFTS) Board approved an updated version of the "Naloxone Administration: Intranasal Route and Auto-Injectors Education and Training Module for Ohio EMS" that includes naloxone nasal spray. Although many of you have completed the initial version of this training module, I strongly encourage all of you to review the updated version, "Naloxone Administration: Intranasal Route and Auto-Injectors Education and Training Module for Ohio EMS-Version 2.0" to gain a foundation of knowledge about this additional avenue to treat our patients.
The PowerPoint portion of the updated training module is available for download below.
Completion of this naloxone training module is not mandatory; however, local training, written protocols, and medical director approval are required before the local medical director allows Ohio certified EMS providers to perform naloxone administration in the field.
Ohio EMFTS Board accredited and Ohio EMFTS Board approved training institutions can develop and provide this training from the PowerPoint presentations into an EMS continuing education opportunity following Ohio Administrative Code (OAC) 4765-7-09.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact the Ohio Division of EMS at (800) 233-0785.